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:: IUESA : Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA): ::
 | Post date: 2017/03/26 | 

The capacity of cities to implement the slogan of New Iranian Year of 1396 / small enterprises and urban entrepreneurship; key for urban production and employment

IUESA: Referring to the naming of 1396 by the Supreme Leader as “Economy of Resistance; production-employment,” Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) said his reemphasis on economic issues and people’s livelihood indicate gap between ideal and current situation about economic issues in the country.            AWT IMAGE

Saying that the Supreme Leader has introduced domestic product and employment as key components in the country, Dr. Pourzarandi said the importance of this issue led this year to be named as “economy of resistance; production-employment” by the Supreme Leader.

As the Supreme Leader asserted, success and efficiency in implementation of resistance economy policies will be obvious when it is tangible.

Noting that the most tangible ones are welfare, employment, and family’s costs, he said if we want to evaluate the government’s performance in improvement of people’s livelihood based on resistance economy, we should analyze the performance according to indicators and variables of unemployment rate, family’s costs, Gini coefficient, and inflation rate.

Looking at statistics, increase in unemployment rate in urban and rural areas of the country will be evident that is contrary to paragraph 1 of general policies of resistance economy, he said.

Generally, it can be stated that costs of household expenditures have been drawn from food to non-food costs and mainly housing and transport. This means that people, particularly poor classes of the society, spend on non-food needs instead of food, indicating poverty development in economic, social and even feeding aspects in urban communities, he added.

Referring to the capacity of cities to accomplish the slogan, he said globally, metropolises are development engines, and there is a capacity for Iran’s cities to be influential in economic growth and development in 1396.

Emphasizing that the share of cities in countries’ GDP is usually more than their population, he added city managers can formulate the package of production and employment in cities with the help of responsible organizations, and supporting small enterprises and urban creativity should be put on the agenda.

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:: IUESA : Tabatabaei Mozdabadi: ::
 | Post date: 2017/03/5 | 

5% increase of employment in cities by 10% growth of entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship is activities and measures that a creative person tries to do by taking advantage of personal creativity and ideation power, resources, capacities, and infrastructures to create value added and produce goods and services based on current and future needs, he said at the conference on “the position of resistance economy in urban development and entrepreneurship.”

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Saying that entrepreneurship is counted as the main source of economic growth in national and local economies, he added one of the factors that should be identified and determined in economic growth of countries, as an important factor is entrepreneurship.

Regarding urban entrepreneurship as one of the most important aspects of entrepreneurship that is achieved in urban context and by considering municipal relations and facilities, he further said currently, the world moves toward urbanization and its rate is two times more than global average in Iran. According to Iran’s Statistical Center, more than 73 percent of people lived in cities in 2011.

Emphasizing that unemployment rate fluctuated between 14.3 and 10.3 percent during 2000 to 2004 and there was no specific trend in this rate, he said unemployment rate in cities is worse than villages indicating more crime and violence in cities rather villages.

Adding that unemployment rate increased to 11 percent in the country in 2015 rather 2014 that it was 12.2 percent in cities and 8.1 percent in villages, he said unemployment rate reached 12.7 percent this summer and this rate was recorded 14.4 percent in urban areas and 7.9 percent in rural areas.  

Dealing with the relationship between urban entrepreneurship and improvement of urban economy, he added according to the researches, nearly 1 to 1.5 percent urban employment and 2.5 to 3.5 percent urban revenue increase by 10 percent urban entrepreneurship in the cities of developed countries on average.

Regarding the potential and unapplied capacities in the economy of Iran’s cities, it seems that by 10% growth of urban entrepreneurship will result in 4 to 5 % increase of employment in cities and 7 to 8 percent increase in urban revenue on average, the expert said.

Referring to the relationship between entrepreneurship and implementation of resistance economy in urban context, Tabatabaei said one of the most important topics of resistance economy is entrepreneurship and creation of productive employment in the country.

Attention to knowledge-based entrepreneurship, increase in social equity in cities, and supporting domestic product are some of the most important components of resistance economy in urban space with approach to urban entrepreneurship, Tabatabaei said.

It is noteworthy that the book on “good urban governance” written by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Pourzarandi and Seyyed Mohsen Tabatabaei Mozdabadi was unveiled at this event.

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:: IUESA : Meeting of IUESA ::
 | Post date: 2017/03/1 | 

The 12th meeting of B.D. of IUESA in 2017

IUESA: At this meeting, measures in line with the second international conference on urban economy were reported. A report of technical meetings of IUESA in the fields of resistance economy, scientific and specialized information reports, increase in international cooperation, entrance to start-ups to develop urban economy were the most important topics discussed at this meeting.

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:: IUESA : The president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) ::
 | Post date: 2017/02/26 | 

If all countries want to have environmental standard of the U.S. cities, we may need three earth planets!

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In a scientific meeting about global economy and its impact on cities, Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of IUESA said although global economy experienced 3 percent growth in 2016, this amount was 2.1 for America, 2.6 in European countries, and 4 in developing countries that indicate slow growth, reduce in productivity rate, and downward inflation.

Studies indicate that 50 large cities in the world that are headquarters of the global economy have more than 9.6 trillion dollars GDP while the world top 10 cities manage 22 percent of the world economic activities, despite they only have 6.2 percent of the world population, Champion of CPI-MC and Global Advocator said.

Saying that Tokyo with 2 trillion dollars, New York metropolitan area – Philadelphia, Kobe metropolitan area - Osaka, Nagoya, Chicago and London are at the top of this list, he added they are counted as headquarters of global financial centers, banks, insurances, credit institutions, and central offices multinational companies.

Referring to the role of knowledge-based economy in economic development of cities, he further said even though cities were expected to lose credibility and their position slightly by starting global era, experience indicated that IT development and knowledge-based economy depend on cities more than anything else does. Looking at the ranking of different countries in the field of knowledge-based economy, we may consider that the richest ones are those that depend on knowledge-based economy.

Emphasizing on the environmental aspects of economic development in cities, he said cities are responsible for 80 percent of carbon dioxide in the world and environmental impacts of cities are evaluated by indicators including ecological footprint, carbon, and water footprint.

Saying that more than half of the world cities are exposed to environmental hazards such as storm, flood, droughts, earthquakes, landslides and volcanoes, he added studies indicate that the greatest ecological footprint is related to North American countries with 4.9 hectares for each person. If all countries want to have environmental standard of the U.S. cities, we may need three earth planets!

He further said each person requires 3.5 hectares in England to provide his need on average and this rate is 4 hectares land in Tehran Metropolis to meet citizens consumption demands that is equal to 389 times more than Tehran area.

Emphasizing that although climate change threatens all countries, developing countries are more vulnerable against this problem, he said it seems developing counties undergo 75 percent of losses and damages caused by climate change in order that 2 degrees warmer air will lead to reduce 4 to 5 percent of GDP in Africa and South Asia.

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:: IUESA : The president of IUESA said ::
 | Post date: 2017/02/19 | 

 

“Intelligence” and “resilience”; two key components of cities of tomorrow

IUESA: Today, we are in evolution era, and the world is changing. Organizations should always be prepared for changes to manage these sudden changes. Any organization should respond to these changes and various demands of inside and surrounding environment since change process is different depending on its conditions, entity, leadership style, behaviors, values, and attitudes, Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of IUESA and advisor of CPI said his scientific lecture entitled “change leadership and redesigning processes in city management” in the first national conference on improvement in urban management systems holding today.

Noting that cities are one of the dynamic systems that changes constantly, he said passing from preindustrial to industrial and information city is one of the examples of changes in urban system. Various concepts of cities including sustainable, green, smart accountable, and open city indicates inherent dynamism of city.

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Emphasizing that moving toward these types of cities is based on change, he further said a smart city tries to change itself, its elements, its management and citizens intellectually and functionally.

Highlighting the importance of change leadership in cities, he added cities are open and dynamic systems that their elements are changing continuously. The balance of city system is a task done by city managers through changing attitudes and policies.

Saying that change in cities should be based on future-oriented approach, he said tomorrows’ balanced cities are those that use resources and infrastructures optimally in order to meet citizens’ current and future needs efficiently.

Referring to the component of resistance against change in cities, Dr. Poorzarandi said since cities that different social, economic, and cultural groups with their various interests gather in it, they are resistant against changes.

Some city management systems are successful in this issue and they change it to an opportunity for creativity and innovation while others fail, he said.

Emphasizing on concepts such as city resilience tries to minimize disruption in social, economic, managerial, and institutional systems during change; he said the concept of “resilient cities” has been proposed in this regard and cities like Toronto, Vancouver and Calgary are the most resilient cities in the world.

City managers should try to make cities of tomorrow resilient as well as diverse, the advisor of the world CPI plan said.

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