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:: Dr. Pourzarandi, president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) in the meeting on “tourism; shortcut of economic development” ::
 | Post date: 2017/09/4 | 
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Referring to the importance and role of tourism industry in economic development, Dr. Pourzarandi said it is clear to everyone that tourism is future hope of employment and economy in many countries since this sectors, as clean industry and an economic pinioned that is interrelated with other economic sectors, has transformed the fate of many countries.
Noting that according to the World Travel and Tourism Organization, tourism accounted for 7.6 trillion USD i.e. 10% of GDP in 2017 and it has created 292 million jobs equals one tenth of global employment, he added it is accounted for 6.6% of the world exports and 30% of service exports in this sector.
Saying that these figures indicate the increasing importance of this sector, particularly since we notice that there will be nearly 2 billion international tourists in 2030 and a close competition among countries and cities to attract tourists, he said tourism has had the fastest growth among the various sectors of the world economy for the sixth consecutive year. Despite geopolitical unrest and economic and political turmoil, tourism has boosted the lives of millions through job creation, poverty reduction and the promotion of development.
Stressing that the industry is capable of leading to sustainable employment and helping to bring world peace through bridging nations and cultures, he further said tourism is more sensitive to ecosystem than other parts of the economy, and it helps to preserve biodiversity in the earth.
Highlighting that for an increase of 30 tourists, a new job can be created, he said many countries have come to the conclusion that creating barriers and problems for tourists does not lead to security of the country, but also opportunities for economic growth and job creation will be lost.
Despite the fact that Iran is a fascinating and incredibly cheap destination, it is not still in a in a decent position in this industry, Dr. Pourzarandi said.
Dr. Pourzarandi added that Iran is well-positioned in terms of price competitiveness, which is measured by indicators such as ticket taxes and airport charges, hotel price index, purchasing power parity and fuel prices. This indicates that Iran is a cheap and economical destination for tourists, and it should plan for it as a country that is ranked 9th in the world in terms of cultural heritage sites.
 
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:: IUESA secy.: ::
 | Post date: 2017/08/28 | 
Saying that according to the Economist, in terms of viability, Tehran had the highest growth rate in 2017 in the world’s cities, he said new urban management should strengthen the positive and strong aspects of Tehran’s metropolitan viability, including infrastructure, public transportation, health, security, participation and social cohesion.
Noting that cities’ viability and sustainability are both attractive and at the same time undeniable necessity for the future of human urban life, he said viability is, in fact, the achievement of good urban planning or sustainable development, and it includes many other concepts, such as quality of life, ecological sustainability, vitality, equality, justice, security, participation, health, etc.
Stating that across the world, governments, institutions, institutions, planners and researchers are all looking to find ways to build viable cities, he added these cities consume less energy and resources, have more cohesive communities, show innovation and creativity, and offer better living conditions.
Noting that the Economist in its annual reports examines the viability status of the world’s cities based on numerous social, economic, and environmental factors, and ranks them, he further said cities like Vancouver, Melbourne, Vienna, and Toronto are at the top of the world’s most viable cities every year.
In the 2011 report, 7 cities in Australia and Canada were among the top 10 cities in the world on the viability, which have maintained this trend by 2017, with only slight changes in their rankings, Tabatabaei said.
Stressing that in 2011, among 10 cities at the end of this table, with 140 cities, there were cities such as Harare, Dhaka, Lagos and Karachi, and Tehran ranked 133, he said but in the 2017 ranking, Tehran with its six steps made its way from the lowest ten cities and ranked 127th. Among the cities of the world, it has had the highest growth rate in terms of viability, so that a city like Dubai has a lower growth index than Tehran.
Secretary of IUESA said this growth trend is promising. "This growth indicates that moving in the path of sustainability and viability in the metropolis of Tehran is positive and, of course, needs to be accelerated further.
He counted the highest decline in 140 cities in Damascus, Syria, Ukraine and Detroit in the United States, and said one of the reasons for the growth and improvement of Tehran in the field of viability in recent years is undoubtedly the infrastructure and transportation, which over the years has been a step forward in promoting public transport and increasing metro and BRT lines. In addition, issues related to citizenship participation have also been effective in this regard.
Tehran has a much more favorable situation in some of the indicators of viability, such as security and health, and is located among the cities like Kuala Lumpur, Moscow and Dalian, he added.
The urban official considers environmental issues as urban management Achilles heel that should be regarded more than before. Solving the problems of this sector is not in the power and scope of urban management, but also it requires the synergies and efforts of various institutions of governance.
Another indicator that Tehran has made progress in recent years and it should be considered more is IT infrastructures since networking, intelligence and electronization of cities are one of the secrets of the high quality of life in these cities, he further added.
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:: Dr. Hossein Mohammadpour Zarandi, president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA): ::
 | Post date: 2017/08/21 | 
IUESA: Touching upon urban regeneration, Dr. Hossein Mohammadpour Zarandi, president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association said in the path of development, cities experience many changes and evolutions. If all economic and cultural aspects and infrastructures are not regarded, final progress will not be achieved even with the beginning of development process.
Emphasizing that sustainable development has been considered as the core of all the global guidelines and agreements, the president of IUESA said urban regeneration is a comprehensive and integrated approach to solve urban issues and challenges, resulting in sustainable progress in all economic, cultural, social, and environmental aspects.
Saying that some superficial views can change the identity of a city in development processes, he said any development plan should be based on the principle of urban regeneration particularly in countries with long-standing cultures and civilizations, such as Iran.
Considering urban regeneration far beyond the processes and achievements of urban renewal and development, he further said it is not true that urban problems and challenges are the result of a factor according to the urban recreation idea; internal capacities and capabilities of cities should be noted in the path of urban regeneration.
Noting that social capital is one of the other pillars of urban regeneration, he added public partnership should be the central axis of change toward urban development and any plan and program that ignore public partnership will be failed certainly. 
Stating that one of the most important aspects of urban regeneration is to pay attention to economic infrastructures of cities, he further said urban economy cannot be summarized only in municipal economy; therefore, this question should be answered as to what impact the economic aspect of this process will have on the quality of life of the people in any change process.
Accentuating that accurate definition of cities’ position should be presented in development process following general policies of resistance economy he said any city should have a strategic plan based on its opportunities and strengths in order to be in the path of urban regeneration. 
Referring to the global experiences, the president of IUESA further said For example, Paradise Project was implemented in the center of Liverpool, by taking into account the principles of urban regeneration, it became one of the largest shopping centers in the UK which it was isolated for many years, in such a way that after implementing this plan, Liverpool ranked among commercial cities in this country and accordingly 5000 jobs were created.
Touching upon South Africa as another world experience in the field of urban regeneration, he said the small town of Stellenbosch, which has suffered from racial discrimination for many years, has become a place for global tourism through marketing and branding methods, and today it is a brand, and ultimately. The project has resulted in full employment in this small town and this city is one of the safest places in South Africa.
Referring to the second international conference on urban economy, Dr. Pourzarandi said urban regeneration will be regarded at this event in order to formulate urban regeneration planning in accordance with cities’ advantages in the country in the path of progress.
Highlighting that cities’ structure and identity should be kept in the path of progress, he further said we require a serious revision in urban planning.
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:: Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association: ::
 | Post date: 2017/08/2 | 
IUESA: Real estate tax in Iran is considered as one of the good sources of sustainable income provision for municipalities, which requires special consideration by the national and local governments and the share of this type of income among other types of income sources in the municipality should be increased.
In the meantime, in order to obtain these types of dues, there are some problems that must be negotiated and presented by the municipality and the government:
The first problem is the implementation of Article 64 of the Direct Tax Code regarding the determination of the value of real estate transactions (land and buildings), which requires as much as possible strengthened databases to estimate the actual value of the property. Therefore, the main attention is paid to the Real Estate Calendar Commission, which needs to be coordinated among the members of the commission in this regard, and should use the capacity of the member organizations of this commission to determine the value of the property.
The second problem is to determine the rate of renovation costs that are set in the state budget law. This rate is 0.5% according to the urban renovation plan in 1968, in table 16 of row 38 of the single article, and the large tables of resources and expenditures of budget 2016 are set at 1.5%, and the staggering growth of this rate is the main cause of the shortage of sustainable municipal revenues. The property tax rate should be in accordance with the needs of the municipality for sustainable incomes; not inappropriately and contingently. Hence, the determination of this rate by the Organization for Management and Planning, as well as the Cabinet of Ministers and the government body, will be crucial.
The third problem is the collection of these dues, which goes back to the performance of the municipality and effective organizations in accordance with the law of urban renewal and development. At present, according to the Tehran Municipal Finance Facility, the rate of Tehran citizens’ participation in the payment of taxes is only 40%, which is considered as a very weak point in the management of tax processes. Article 12 of the City Development and Reform Act explicitly states that municipalities are obliged to submit a list of obligors who transfer funds from refusals to electricity and gas organizations, and these organizations should, after a two-month deadline, cut off electricity and gas pipelines; while there is no co-ordination between the municipal management bodies for the implementation of this article.
The reduction in the share of sustainable incomes, such as the cost of renovation, which has been named as a successful experience in other countries, such as real estate, property, or housing taxes, has forced municipalities to make more use of unsustainable incomes and changes. This approach will be effective in the long term in the wake of municipal budget fluctuations, the urban ugly city, the deterioration of the respiratory organs of the city, and the deterioration of living conditions in cities, especially in metropolitan areas, and that measures must be taken to prevent this happening.
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:: Dr. Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani, vice-chair of the second international conference on urban economy: ::
 | Post date: 2017/07/22 | 

Holding the panel of “legislation and supervision in urban economy and management” concurrent with the fifth city council

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Saying that urbanization, city development, rapid increase of population, and development of industrial activities caused many socio-economic problems for cities, Dr. Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani, vice-chair of the second international conference on urban economy and faculty of Imam Sadiq University said potentially, urbanization can initiate a new era of welfare and economic productivity, but it may change cities into the place of  concentration of poverty.

Stating that urban management requires a municipal integrated management system to solve urban problems, he added city council, as a regulatory and supervisory authority over urban affairs, is the most efficient local government for urban management to institutionalize public participation in local decision-making structures. City councils are the origin of the evolution and sustainable development in urban areas.

Given particular position of city council in urban economy and management, Dr. Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani, vice-chair of the second international conference on urban economy said the panel of “legislation and supervision in urban economy and management” will be held concurrent with the fifth city council.

The topics of this panel are laws, regulations, and their role in urban economy and management, the role of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in urban economy and management, the role of regulatory institutions in urban economy of Iran, and citizenship right and citizenship economy and management, he added.

Saying that professors and students can send their articles until August 10, 2017 to the secretariat, he emphasized that top articles will be honored.

It should be noted that this conference will be held this autumn in Tehran with the aim of developing economic culture and exchanging new achievements in order to study the problems of the urban economy and provide executive solutions.  For more information, enthusiasts can visit the conference site at http://conference.iuea.ir/  or call 02188659004.

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