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:: Dr. Mohammad Hosseinpour Zarandi, the president of IUESA: ::
 | Post date: 2017/06/21 | 

10% share of tourism from the world GDP/ cities as a center of tourism development

IUESA: Noting that comprehensive model of resistance economy should be considered in all economic aspects, Dr. Pourzarandi said however, much attempt has been done in this regard, but there is a long a way to reach ideal regarded by the Supreme Leader.

Saying that resistance economy is a domestic model taken from economic, social, cultural, and political necessities of the country, he said theoretically, it is a detailed model covering all sectors.

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Stating that cities have extensive capacity to accomplish resistance model, yet it has been less considered by officials, he added only one of these capacities is development of urban tourism that can improve state revenue level and facilitate the process of entering foreign investment.

Expressing that comprehensive and targeted support of exporting goods has been highlighted in article 10 of resistance economy; he added it should be considered that there is a direct relationship between tourism industry and exports of handicrafts.

Saying that the number of global tourists has reached more than 1.2 billion people, he said as estimated, this trend is ascending in 2017.

Referring to the impact of tourism growth on economy of countries, he said tourism industry could create 2 million and 357 thousand jobs i.e. more than 3 percent of total employment in this area, in south west of Asia in 2016.

Tourism has created 108 million jobs on average in 2015 and it could allocate 9.8 percent of the world GDP to itself; a figure equals to 7.2 trillion USD, Pourzarandi said.

Saying that despite many capacities, Iran could not achieve the objective of annual 20 million tourists, he further said nearly 5 million foreign tourists visit Iran annually i.e. 2.3 percent of Iran GDP.

Touching upon strategies to strengthen tourism industry, particularly in urban area, he added cities are both origin and destination of tourism, so planning should be based on tourism development.

Highlighting that most tourism attractions are in cities, he further said one of the main problems of tourism industry in Iran is lack of standard hotels that requires the presence of banking system to finance it purposefully.

Asking to formulate a supportive package for entrepreneurs in tourism area, Pourzarandi said those who invest in this regard should ensure that their investment is profitable.

Referring to the development of intra-bank communication and the use of international credit cards in the country, he added fortunately, some important steps have been taken in this regard, which we hope to reach the conclusion as soon as possible.

Emphasizing that tourism can be influential and pioneer in the framework of resistance economy he added that from one hand, this industry is productive and effective on increasing employment and exchange revenues, and on the other hand it can be changed into a tool to transfer cultural messages.

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:: Mass migration to future cities ::
 | Post date: 2017/06/6 | 

According to researches done by Michael Berkowitz in the Rockefeller Foundation, future cities should be more prepared to mass migration because of war or climate changes

IUESA: The immigrant population was estimated about 244 million people worldwide in 2015. 65.3 million of them immigrated because of conflict and homelessness. It has been predicted that 200 million people will become homeless by 2050.

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Major part of immigrants, including 90 percent of them, settled in the cities of the U.S. Britain, Australia, and Canada in the past years. In this regard, these cities will face many problems such as health, lack of water resources, safety, and environmental hazards in coming years.

However, mass migration that we may consider today does not only contain problems. The studies indicate that cities can take advantage of this opportunity in order to have better economic condition and they should welcome this phenomenon instead of fighting against it.

However, the migration due to war, economic problems, homelessness, or other reasons warn cities to be prepared for facing their problems such as providing job or settlement.

Moreover, cities should proceed to improve conditions and reduce shock caused by pressure on their natural ecosystems and prepare the ground for immigrants’ living conditions. They should be prepared for coming crises and take advantage of this opportunity to have a better community for their residents.

 

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:: A glance to new achievements of urban economy ::
 | Post date: 2017/06/6 | 

Smart city in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT)

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IUESA: Thanks to IoT, smart city changes to reality rapidly. The growing number of electronic devices in personal life and our businesses that connect to the internet and share data can be mentioned in this regard.

Smart city refers to a part of IoT dealing with urban infrastructures and facilities; from transport to garbage collection system and distribution of electricity. Citizens’ access to democratic processes such as decision-making, open data, and election has been improved by smart technology.

It has been specified in the researches that many works will be developed by IoT. For example, Telefónica is a company that is aware of the new challenges posed by today’s society. This is why the company offers the means to facilitate communication between people, providing them with the most secure and state of the art technology in order for them to live better, and for them to achieve whatever they resolve.

In waste management, there are some censors connected to recycling bins that alarms when the capacity fills.  However, sending required number of garbage collection trucks also will be managed better.

Generally, this issue can alter the urban service contracts. Collected data from these censors can be combined with demographic data to provide better services to citizens.

One of the other strengths of smart city plan is different programs to participate different groups of people in urban affairs by using available tools and data. Citizens can report accumulation of garbage in their neighborhood or insulting graffiti. Then, contractors’ operating speed can be evaluated.

Parking lot can also be developed in a smart city by using sensors to monitor parking. This means that information of parking capacity is real in city. Proper distribution of parking spaces in car parks reduces traffic around them and air pollution as well.

Collected data of environmental monitoring stations and weather data can be used to solve traffic of certain areas and reduce their pollution.

Motion sensors report traffic congestion in the city in order that drivers can choose their routes intelligently.

Not only smart city infrastructures help city residents, but also visitors and tourists van take advantage of them.  This means that online statistic of visitors from sightseeing attractions can be displayed. By using these data, city authorities can have a proper planning for tourists.

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:: Dr. Pourzarandi, President of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) ::
 | Post date: 2017/06/6 | 

45% greenhouse growth by 2030; 1% allocation of the world GDP to green economy

 IUESA: Noting that green economy and sustainable development in cities should be considered by city managers, Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) said although environmental and social aspects of sustainable development are generally considered, urban economy has a particular share in this regard.

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Saying that as it has been forecasted, global demand for energy would be increased 45 percent and the world oil prices would rise to near $ 180 per barrel, he added greenhouse gas emissions would be increased 45 percent more that is five times more than absorbing them by the earth.

Emphasizing that more than half of the world population live in cities, the president of IUESA said economic activities of cities are 55 percent of GDP in less-developed countries and 73 percent in developing ones and 85 percent in developed ones.

Stating that economic growth can solve the world problems, particularly in developing countries, he further said it should be regarded that if the growth is not accompanied by environmental considerations, not only it will not lead to sustainable progress, but also it will face societies with more complicated problems.

Noting that relying on green economy is one of the solutions to achieve sustainable development, he said it was proposed by the UN for the first time in economic crisis conditions in order to help governments and other decision-makers to formulate new policies toward sectors supporting the environment.

Highlighting that green economy is a unique way for global development as international authorizes say; he added they suggest allotting 1 percent of the world GDP to invest in green economy.

According to the UN environmental plan, green economy is defined as an economy that leads to improve human health, increase social justice, and reduce environmental hazards and ecological bottlenecks, he said.

Green economy is a prerequisite to achieve sustainable development since it includes three main progress factors i.e. economic, social, and environmental development, Dr. Pourzarandi said.

Accentuating that the most important challenge in moving toward green economy is to create balance and cooperation such as economic growth, creating employment, and environmental integrity among the poor and rich, and current and future generations, he further said regarding environmental necessities in sustainable economic activities, green economy deals with creating balance among economic growth requirements and necessity to protect natural resources to develop for future generations.

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:: Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA): ::
 | Post date: 2017/04/19 | 

Reducing air pollution and saving fuel by intelligent transport

IUESA: Explaining the challenges facing urban transport infrastructures, Dr. Pourzarandi, the president of Iran Urban Economics Scientific Association (IUESA) said, today, transport and traffic are related with all pillars of urban life and areas such as leisure time, education, business, production, industry require sustainable transport.    AWT IMAGE

Noting that proper transport is one of the pillars of sustainable development, he added most problems facing cities and quality of urban life are associated with transport as air pollution is main challenge of our metropolises.

Considering waste of resources as one of the other deficiencies of unsustainable transport systems in cities, he further said this amount is so that its impact can be measured on economic growth in the country.

Saying that development of satellite cities near metropolises has made urban transport more important, he said nearly 400 thousand automobiles are added to Tehran streets.  

Stressing that the only solution is intelligent transportation systems (ITS), he added infrastructures of Tehran metropolis are at standard level, but infrastructure development cannot meet challenges of this area alone.

Regarding ITS as one of the main solution to improve urban transport, he said Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are advanced applications aim to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and 'smarter' use of transport networks. They are considered a part of the Internet of things resulting in cost reduction.

The use of these systems will lead to saving in energy, time, increasing safety, and reducing accidents, he said.

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